Darwinian Assumptions Questioned

first_imgSometimes common knowledge is not knowledge at all.  We sometimes are surprised to find out that things we had always heard turn out not to be true: for instance, the claim that Humphrey Bogart said “Play it again, Sam” in Casablanca, that humans only use 10% of their brains, that carbon-14 dates things millions of years old, that the 9/10 on gasoline prices is a tax for road repair, or that saying “Bless you” when somebody sneezes helps the sneezer in some mysterious way.  Recently, it has come to light that some ideas about Darwin and his evolutionary theory, long assumed as matters of fact, are not:Did Darwin fear publication?  As the typical retellings on TV and in biographies go, Charles Darwin delayed publishing his book for fear of the reaction, especially from Christians and religious people.  The BBC News reported on a researcher who has debunked this notion.  Darwin’s letters show he was committed to publish all along.  “The idea that Charles Darwin delayed publishing On the Origin of Species for 20 years for fear of ridicule is a myth,” it says.  The delay was more due partly to bouts of ill health, and partly to his wanting to amass more evidence first.Did dinosaurs have to die off before mammals flourished?  No, reported Live Science and Science Daily.  Mammals were doing well in the age of dinosaurs, and the rapid rate of diversification began a long time after dinosaurs went extinct.  This contradicts the usual picture on TV documentaries like the BBC’s Walking with Dinosaurs that mammals were all little shrew-like midgets dodging the big feet of monsters till a meteor blasted them to oblivion.  Incidentally, the BBC News also reported this finding, and called the old idea a “straw man” argument.Is antibiotic resistance Darwinian evolution in action?  Michael Egnor, a medical doctor, argues that this evidence for evolution is a tautology.  See his reason on Evolution News.Do animals evolve faster in warmer climates?  Again, the answer is no.  A new study reported by Science Daily showed that the reverse is true: animals evolve faster in temperate zones and at the poles than in the tropics.  The researchers debunked what they called a common assumption, the article explains.Sometimes things right under our microscopes don’t fit the neat textbook pictures.  Science Daily, for instance, reported that the classification of one-celled organisms is in disarray.  Recent years have seen major reinterpretations of the status of Neanderthal Man.  The finding of a vast array of viruses living in ocean water may revise our conceptions of life.  And according to Science Daily, evo-devo theories, once promising, are struggling because their model organisms fail to answer key questions about evolution.  In many respects, it would seem Charles Darwin would hardly recognize his theory after 148 years of revisions.  He himself made substantial revisions during his lifetime, biographers note.  Some modern evolutionists forget that criticisms from scientists about the power of natural selection, and problems with his inheritance theory, made Darwin move toward the Lamarckian ideas he had earlier criticized.  It is a curious phenomenon that evolutionary theory itself evolves.Maybe Darwinism is analogous to Lenz’s Law.  Physicists learn that magnetically induced currents produce magnetic fields that oppose the inducing field.  Could it be that evolutionary ideas induce countermeasures in nature that oppose evolutionary ideas?  (This idea suggested in jest only; sug-gest in jest, if you digested that.)    For any oft-repeated truism, it is good practice to ask, “How do you know that?”  We would probably be shocked at the number of things we take for granted that have little or no evidential support.  Darwin’s myth seems especially prone to revision.  Sometimes both the urban legend and the revision are both wrong, because both are prone to the same flawed assumptions.  This is the case in #2 and #4 above.  The revisors in both cases were still assuming evolution and millions of years.  They merely rearranged the pieces without changing the overall evolutionary picture.  This compounds the error, and poses myth against myth.  Beware of myth-placed confidence.(Visited 5 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Attributes of the Helping Professional

first_imgWhich attribute is most important?I find this wheel to be a useful tool for professional reflection and growth.  It begs the question, “Which attribute is most important?”Of course, I know that all of the attributes are important.  But, if we stop there, we have not really examined anything, and the wheel is just nice graphic and little more.  The real magic occurs when we take the time to really think about out which attribute may be most important.  It leads us to evaluate the importance of each one of the attributes in the work that we do.  It also requires us to think about how families that we work with see us.  We begin to consider how displaying a particular attribute may impact our ability to establish trust with families and ensure the best possible outcomes.Try this experiment.  Take a minute to think about a helping professional who provides important services for you or a close family member.   You may think about a doctor who provides healthcare when you are sick, a school teacher who works with your child, or some other key helping professional in your life.  Which attribute from the list do you believe is most important for them to display when working with you?  Which attribute, if not displayed, would represent a deal breaker for you?  For example, how would you handle a teacher working with your child each day who is unable to display a basic level of emotional maturity, or a counselor who us unable to display empathy?Now, think about your work in providing services.  Rank the attributes on the wheel in order with the one that you display most consistently ranked first and the one you display least consistently ranked last.  Thinking about this carefully may take a few minutes.  How do these attributes impact your effectiveness in working with families?  Which attributes were at the bottom of your list?  Are there attributes that you believe you can ignore in your work?  How might displaying all of the attributes help you in your work?This MFLN-Military Caregiving concentration blog post was published on September 4, 2015.last_img read more

How to Craft an Epic Tracking Shot Like Michael Bay

first_imgWhen you need a truly EPIC tracking shot, turn to the undisputed master of bombastic cinema: Michael Bay.Most filmmakers love to utilize tracking shots in order to add motion and pacing to a scene. Stanley Kubrick captured that motion through the use of a Steadicam. Michael Mann puts the camera on a shoulder rig. David Fincher keeps the camera locked down and uses a dolly system to capture movement.While all of these filmmakers produce amazing work, none of them quite capture epic tracking shots like Michael Bay.Love him or hate him as a director, there is one thing Michael Bay does better than anyone else: epic tracking shots, using multi-layered composition to capture a moment in time. Let’s look at how Bay captures these epic tracking shots after watching this reel that highlights his special brand of Bayhem.Video from Screen JunkiesCamera MovementFor all of his epic tracking shots, Bay will move the camera from left to right along a circular path. This motion rotates around either a fixed or moving subject or object. Then the camera movement runs contrary to the motion of that character or subject. So, for many of the shots involving a character, the camera will move from left to right as the character rotates from right to left.Nicolas Cage in The Rock via Hollywood PicturesLens OptionsFor lens options, Bay will always use a telephoto lens. By using this lens, he can compress visual information down and focus on the subject or object, forcing the background to pass by at an incredible rate. The lens is almost always placed at a low angle, which really adds to the scale factor and turns the shot from a really cool tracking shot to an epic one.Pearl Harbor via TouchstoneBackground InformationAs we stated before, the camera movement accompanied by the telephoto lens forces the background of the shot to move across the screen at a fast rate, an effect called parallax. One of Bay’s greatest skills is his ability to place visually interesting backgrounds behind the characters or objects. By adding backgrounds with a lot of visual information, he can enhance the movement and parallax effect.Dwayne Johnson in Pain and Gain via Paramount PicturesActor MovementNow, in order to really pull off the epic tracking shot, Bay almost always has his actors moving vertically and turning in a horizontal motion that contrasts that of the camera. The actors are always looking just off screen at where ever the action is or was. More often than not this shot is used as a reactionary shot. It’s sometimes referred to as “the hero shot,” as it really highlights the character or characters.Martin Lawrence and Will Smith in Bad Boys II via Constantin FilmSlow Everything DownFinally, to make the epic tracking shot truly, well, EPIC, Bay will slow things down. He doesn’t slow things down to a crawl. Rather, he slows it down slightly. By doing this, the shot paces really well, but becomes more dramatic at the same time. Slow motion is a good technique to use in action films when you need to add some tension and give the audience an opportunity to really sit in the space.Transformers via Paramount PicturesAgain, love him or hate him, these epic tracking shots are visually impressive. There’s really no question that Michael Bay knows how to frame an action set piece or dynamic shot. Now, overall storytelling is another matter, and one we won’t get into here. But this does beg the question… is Michael Bay really that bad of a director? Or is he a genius in disguise? Thankfully, we have Cracked to help us sort through it.Video from CrackedWhat do you think of Michael Bay’s epic tracking shots? Love them? Hate them? What is your favorite type of tracking shot? Give us your opinions in the comments below.last_img read more

Under fire, Mayawati seeks tougher rape laws

first_imgFacing a barrage of criticism for the recent spurt in crime against women in Uttar Pradesh, chief minister Mayawati has recommended strict action against those accused of rape, including denying bail till the charges are proved wrong. Her government has amended the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) and forwarded it to governor B.L. Joshi for approval.”Committed to curb such unfortunate crimes against women, my government has decided to expedite the criminal justice system and ensure a rape case is disposed of within six months,” Mayawati said on Tuesday.”We have also decided to ensure that a rape accused does not get bail till the charges are proved wrong. It (rape) will also be made a non- bailable offence. For this we have introduced necessary amendments to sections 354 (attempt to outrage the modesty of women), 437 and 439 ( related to provision of bail to rape accused) of the CrPC and forwarded it to the governor,” she added.The BSP supremo admitted the district and police administration have failed to perform their duties properly and this has resulted in increase in incidents of rape and murder of women. She, however, urged the Opposition, NGOs and citizens to be on their guard and identify people with criminal mindset in their areas.”I have convened a meeting of senior members of the administration and the police on June 27 . I will ask them to make a list of criminals. This will help us in checking such crimes in the future. The BSP will also address this issue,” Mayawati said.advertisementThe CM issued a warning to all senior officers in the state, including chief secretary Anup Kumar Mishra, to take such cases seriously, and said the only solution was to tighten the noose around the criminals.For more news on India, click here.For more news on Business, click here.For more news on Movies, click here.For more news on Sports, click here.last_img read more

Terrence Romeo tells Leo Austria: ‘I don’t care if I’m starting or not, I just want to win’

first_imgHotel management clarifies SEAG footballers’ kikiam breakfast issue View comments The 26-year-old Romeo, one of the best guards in the country today, has been on a downward slope since his verbal spat with his former coach Pido Jarencio last March that ultimately led to GlobalPort trading him to TNT a month later.The relationship between Romeo and the Talk ’N Text franchise, however, didn’t last long and it ended with TNT dumping the former Far Eastern University standout to San Miguel Beer in exchange for third stringers David Semerad and Brian Heruela and a 2021 first round draft pick.“He’s really excited to play and we’re excited to have him also. We welcome him with open arms,” Austria said.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion Romeo to San Miguel Beer after a failed experiment at TNT was given the go-signal by the PBA on Wednesday and the idea of having another deadly scorer at his disposal had Austria mixing and matching potential lineups in his head.“I can put him off the bench or make him a starter. It really depends on the game,” Austria told INQUIRER.net on Wednesday.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefBut one thing is for sure, Austria said Romeo couldn’t care any less whether he’s part of the starting five or coming off the bench.“We spoke on the phone yesterday (Tuesday) and he told me, ‘Coach, I don’t care if I’m starting or if I’m second or third stringer. I just want to win and help the team.’ And I believe him,” Austria said. Is Luis Manzano planning to propose to Jessy Mendiola? MANILA, Philippines—San Miguel Beer head coach Leo Austria is already licking his chops in anticipation of the arrival of Terrence Romeo, the latest addition to the star-studded Beermen roster built around reigning four-time MVP June Mar Fajardo.ADVERTISEMENT ‘Excited’ Terrence Romeo out to cherish first PBA finals appearance PLAY LIST 01:30’Excited’ Terrence Romeo out to cherish first PBA finals appearance00:50Trending Articles01:45Gordon on commute dare: ‘I don’t want be laughing stock like Panelo’02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss LOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviñocenter_img SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Magnolia ends PBA title drought, closes out Alaska in Game 6 LATEST STORIES TS Kammuri to enter PAR possibly a day after SEA Games opening MOST READ Lacson: 2019 budget delay due to P75-B House ‘insertion’last_img read more