Carbacid Investments Plc (CARB.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Industrial holding sector has released it’s 2010 annual report.For more information about Carbacid Investments Plc (CARB.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Carbacid Investments Plc (CARB.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Carbacid Investments Plc (CARB.ke) 2010 annual report.Company ProfileCarbacid (CO²) Investments Plc is a leading producer of natural food grade carbon dioxide in East Africa. The company extracts carbon dioxide gas from natural underground reservoirs which are purified on site to produce natural, certified food grade (99.99% purity) for use in carbonate water, soft drinks and alcoholic beverages. The CO² is Halaal certified. Compressed carbon dioxide sold by Carbacid Investments Limited is used by the industry sector for MIG welding and applications for fire extinguishers. Formerly a sub-division of BEA Sawmills Limited, the company was founded in 1975 through various mergers and acquisitions and renamed Carbacid Investments Limited. It supplies major drinks bottlers and breweries in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Southern Sudan, Somaliland, Malawi, Zambia, Rwanda and Burundi. Carbacid Investments Plc is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange
Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Subscribe Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago 2020-11-10 Christina Hughes Babb About Author: Phil Hall Home / Daily Dose / Affordable Housing Impact: Proposed Property Tax Struck Down The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago in Daily Dose, Featured, Government, News Related Articles Affordable Housing Impact: Proposed Property Tax Struck Down Print This Post A referendum to change how California enacts property taxes, which some argued would address California’s housing affordability issues, was defeated by the state’s voters. Proposition 15 was designed to create a split-roll property tax system in California, with commercial properties being reassessed to market price every three years while residential property would continue to be taxed under the rules of the 1978 Proposition 13, which restricts increases on assessments to no more than 2%. Owners with less than $3 million in total commercial property would be exempt from the initiative, which was scheduled to go into effect in 2020.While a final tally has yet to be announced, Capital Public Radio in Sacramento is forecasting a voter rejection of Proposition 15 by a 52% to 48% margin.Supporters of Proposition 15 argued that increasing property taxes on commercial real estate would encourage the conversion of these properties into residential developments, thus alleviating the state’s chronic housing affordability problems. Research by the Urban Institute determined that many commercial parcels in four major markets—Berkeley, Chula Vista, Fresno, and Los Angeles—were eligible to be converted from commercial or industrial use into homes.The Urban Institute study, lead-authored by Sarah Strochak, a research analyst in the Urban Institute’s Housing Finance Policy Center, concluded that “long-term incentives for owners and developers to build/convert to residential uses are much stronger than for municipalities to rezone under medium and high price appreciation scenarios.”Furthermore, supporters of Proposition 15 argued that higher commercial property taxes could be used to help fund public services, raising between $10.3 billion to $12.6 billion annually. The trade journal EdSource predicted that 40% of those funds would be used to finance operations at K-12 schools and California’s community colleges.California Gov. Gavin Newsom and presumptive President-Elect Joe Biden supported Proposition 15 and the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, the philanthropic organization funded by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, Dr. Priscilla Chan, donated $7.1 million to the campaign that promoted the referendum.However, commercial property owners were opposed to Proposition 15, arguing that it would force businesses to leave California while companies that remained would be forced pay higher leases and other real estate-related costs including insurance and maintenance fees. The San Francisco Examiner reported opponents to the measure raised $30 million to sway voters.“It would punish everybody that owns real estate and every tenant that has to occupy real estate,” said John Kilroy, CEO of Kilroy Realty Corp. in Los Angeles, at a trade conference in September. “It would be one of the most insidious taxes, particularly at a time of great economic uncertainty and recession.” Previous: FHA Proposes Private Flood Insurance for Single-Family Mortgages Next: FHA Proposes Private Flood Insurance for Single-Family Mortgages The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Phil Hall is a former United Nations-based reporter for Fairchild Broadcast News, the author of nine books, the host of the award-winning SoundCloud podcast “The Online Movie Show,” co-host of the award-winning WAPJ-FM talk show “Nutmeg Chatter” and a writer with credits in The New York Times, New York Daily News, Hartford Courant, Wired, The Hill’s Congress Blog and Profit Confidential. His real estate finance writing has been published in the ABA Banking Journal, Secondary Marketing Executive, Servicing Management, MortgageOrb, Progress in Lending, National Mortgage Professional, Mortgage Professional America, Canadian Mortgage Professional, Mortgage Professional News, Mortgage Broker News and HousingWire. November 10, 2020 1,455 Views Share Save
Samara Heisz/iStockBy MORGAN WINSOR, ABC News(NEW YORK) — A pandemic of the novel coronavirus has now killed more than 903,000 people worldwide.Over 27.8 million people across the globe have been diagnosed with COVID-19, the disease caused by the new respiratory virus, according to data compiled by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University. The criteria for diagnosis — through clinical means or a lab test — has varied from country-to-country. Still, the actual numbers are believed to be much higher due to testing shortages, many unreported cases and suspicions that some national governments are hiding or downplaying the scope of their outbreaks.Since the first cases were detected in China in December, the virus has rapidly spread to every continent except Antarctica.The United States is the worst-affected country, with more than 6.36 million diagnosed cases and at least 190,869 deaths.California has the most cases of any U.S. state, with more than 747,000 people diagnosed, according to Johns Hopkins data. California is followed by Texas and Florida, with over 667,000 cases and over 652,000 cases respectively.Nearly 170 vaccine candidates for COVID-19 are being tracked by the World Health Organization, at least six of which are in crucial phase three trials.Here’s how the news is developing Thursday. All times Eastern:Sep 10, 6:02 amFrance extends furlough scheme ‘until next summer’The French government will continue paying up to 84% of salaries for furloughed workers “until next summer” due to prolonged economic fallout from the coronavirus pandemic, labor minister Elisabeth Borne announced Thursday on France’s BFM television.France has already spent tens of billions of euros on the temporary unemployment scheme since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, in an effort to save jobs. Last week, the government unveiled a 100 billion euro (approximately $118 billion) stimulus plan to help revive its hard-hit economy.France, along with other European nations, has seen a rise in COVID-19 infections in recent weeks, as people returned to work and school.France’s national public health agency reported 8,577 new cases on Wednesday, the country’s second-highest daily increase in COVID-19 infections so far, bringing its cumulative total to 344,101 cases with 30,794 deaths.Sep 10, 4:37 amIsrael records its highest number of new casesIsrael confirmed 3,904 new cases of COVID-19 on Wednesday, its highest day-to-day increase yet.There were 43,500 COVID tests performed across the Middle Eastern country on Wednesday, with a positivity rate of 9%. Overall, more than 142,000 people have been diagnosed with the disease and at least 1,054 have died, according to the latest data from the Israeli Ministry of Health.Since Tuesday, some 40 cities and towns across Israel have remained under a nightly curfew as part of efforts to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus.Sep 10, 4:13 amIndia reports another record rise in casesIndia confirmed 95,735 new cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours, marking yet another single-day record increase in infections across the country.The country’s cumulative total now stands at 4.46 million cases with 75,062 deaths, after another 1,172 fatalities in the last 24 hours, according to the latest data from the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.India has the second-highest tally of cases in the world and the third-highest death toll in the coronavirus pandemic, according to a count kept by Johns Hopkins University.India’s health ministry said the surge in new infections is due to increased testing, with more than one million tests now being conducted each day across the vast country of 1.3 billion people. So far, nearly 3.3 million people in India have recovered from COVID-19.Sep 10, 4:09 amUS daily death toll shoots back up over 1,000An additional 1,206 coronavirus-related fatalities were recorded in the United States on Wednesday, a nearly threefold increase from the previous day, according to a real-time count kept by Johns Hopkins University.The country’s latest daily death toll from COVID-19 — the highest since Aug. 26 — is still under its record set on April 17, when there were 2,666 new fatalities in a 24-hour reporting period.There were also 34,256 new cases of COVID-19 confirmed across the United States on Wednesday, down from a peak of 77,255 new cases reported on July 16.A total of 6,336,107 people in the United States have been diagnosed with COVID-19 since the pandemic began, and at least 190,869 of them have died, according to Johns Hopkins. The cases include people from all 50 U.S. states, Washington, D.C. and other U.S. territories as well as repatriated citizens.By May 20, all U.S. states had begun lifting stay-at-home orders and other restrictions put in place to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus. The day-to-day increase in the country’s cases then hovered around 20,000 for a couple of weeks before shooting back up and crossing 70,000 for the first time in mid-July.Last week, an internal memo from the Federal Emergency Management Agency obtained by ABC News showed the number of new COVID-19 cases in the United States had ticked upward while new deaths had decreased in week-over-week comparisons.Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.
License or Certificate: Official Title: Working Title: Board certified or board eligible with the American College ofVeterinary Internal Medicine.Candidate must have a documented track record of academicproductivity or have demonstrated potential to develop anindependent research program in a basic or clinically-orientatedresearch field relevant to large animal medicine.Aptitude and/or experience in clinical instruction of DVM students,interns, and residents are also expected. Nigel [email protected] Access (WTRS): 7-1-1 (out-of-state: TTY: 800.947.3529, STS:800.833.7637) and above Phone number (See RELAY_SERVICE for furtherinformation. ) 100% The University of Wisconsin is an Equal Opportunity andAffirmative Action Employer.The Annual Security and FireSafety Report contains current campus safety and disciplinarypolicies, crime statistics for the previous 3 calendar years, andon-campus student housing fire safety policies and fire statisticsfor the previous 3 calendar years. UW-Madison will provide a papercopy upon request; please contact the University of Wisconsin PoliceDepartment . Hiring Department(s): ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR(C30NN) or ASSISTANT PROFESSOR(C40NN) Faculty To apply for this position, please click on “apply online’ to beginthe process. You will be required to upload a cover letter, CV, anda document listing the contact information for three professionalreference. For questions regarding the application process, pleasecontact Nancy Parkinson at [email protected] deadline for assuring full consideration is February 28, 2019,however positions will remain open and applications may beconsidered until the position is filled. Position Vacancy ID: A872100-SCHOOL OF VET MEDICINE/MEDICAL SCIENCES Anticipated Begin Date: Instructions to Applicants: Minimum number of years and type of relevant workexperience: Degree and area of specialization: Additional Information: Position Summary: This vacancy is being announced simultaneously with PVL 96794;please note that only one vacancy exists. Having two positionvacancy listings allows the School of Veterinary Medicine toconsider candidates with both tenure-track faculty credentials andnon-tenure-track faculty credentials for this position.Extensive opportunities for collaborative research exist within theSchool of Veterinary Medicine and the UW-Madison campus. The Schoolof Medicine & Public Health, the College of Agriculture &Life Sciences and the Biotechnology Center are located within ashort distance of the School of Veterinary Medicine on theUW-Madison campus. A close relationship also exists with theWisconsin State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory which is locatedwithin the same footprint on-campus as the School of VeterinaryMedicine. UW-Madison considers the School of Veterinary Medicine tobe a major factor in its overall success as a top five universityin terms of awarded federal funding. The school is also a majorfactor in Madison’s emergence as a hub of commercial biotechnology,including regenerative medicine technologies.The UW-Madison campus and the surrounding area have many enrichingopportunities. Madison was named the most bike-friendly city; theDane County Farmers’ Market is one of the largest in the nation;Madison has the most restaurants per capita of any U.S. city;Madison consistently ranks as a top community in which to live,work, and play; and the university is nationally recognized foracademics and athletics. Please see the following link for moreinformation:http://greatermadisonchamber.com/about-madison/visitor-info/Additional Information:School of Veterinary Medicine home page:http://www.vetmed.wisc.eduUW Veterinary Care home page:http://uwveterinarycare.wisc.edu 96799-FA Assistant Professor LAIM Employment Class: Contact: FTE: DVM or equivalent. NegotiableANNUAL (12 months) MARCH 05, 2019 N/A Advertised Salary: Additional Link:Full Position Details Must maintain a Wisconsin license to practice VeterinaryMedicine. The Department of Medical Sciences of the University ofWisconsin-Madison, School of Veterinary Medicine invitesapplications for a tenure-track, full-time, 12-month positionwithin the Large Animal Internal Medicine Service of the MorrieWaud Large Animal Hospital. The successful candidate will join twoother large animal internists providing clinical service within theLarge Animal Hospital on the UW-Madison campus. The Morrie WaudLarge Animal Teaching Hospital is a collegial, collaborativeenvironment that offers specialty care with board certified expertsin Theriogenology, Large Animal Surgery, Sports Medicine andRehabilitation, and Emergency and Critical Care. Job no: 96799-FAWork type: Faculty-Full TimeDepartment: VET M/MEDICAL SCIENCESLocation: MadisonCategories: Animal Care, Veterinary Medicine Term: Applications Open: Dec 21 2018 Central Standard TimeApplications Close:
MONDAY, MAY 25Wreath Ceremony: At 9:15 a.m., Ocean City Beach Patrol lifeguards will place a memorial wreath in the waters off the Ninth Street Beach in memory of those who have given their lives in the service of our country.Rededication of WCTU Fountain: At 10 a.m., members of the WCTU, (Women’s Christian Temperance Union) and members of the Ocean City Historical Museum will re-dedicate the W.C.T.U. FOUNTAIN in front of City Hall and celebrate the 100th anniversary of the gift.Memorial Day Service: Ocean City’s annual Memorial Day Service will be held 11 a.m. on Mon., May 25 at Veterans Memorial Park, 5th and Wesley Ave. In the event of inclement weather, the service will be moved across the street to the Tabernacle Auditorium. GUARDED BEACHES MAY 23 TO MAY 29The Ocean City Beach Patrol will lifeguards starting on Saturday, May 23, a the following beaches:Stenton PlaceSt. Charles PlaceBrighton Place8th Street9th Street10th Street11th Street12th Street26th Street34th Street58th StreetBeaches are guarded from 10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. weekends and holidays, and from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. on weekdays. The Ocean City Beach Patrol strongly urges bathers to swim only at guarded beaches. If you have any questions, please call 525-9201 or 525-9200. The annual Business Person’s Plunge follows the Unlocking of the Ocean on Friday, May 22, 2015 at Ninth Street Beach in Ocean City, NJ.City officials will turn the key on another summer season at noon Friday, May 22.The annual Unlocking of the Ocean ceremony takes place on the beach adjacent to the Ocean City Music Pier at Moorlyn Terrace. The century-old tradition marks the beginning of the traditional tourist season.The forecast calls for sunny skies and mild temperatures for the holiday weekend, and the Ocean City Beach Patrol will be on patrol at select beaches for the first time this season.The Unlocking the Ocean ceremony, in which Mayor Jay Gillian, other city officials and Ocean City Beach Patrol representatives use a large wooden key to open the season, marks the start of a Memorial Day Weekend filled with events.A newer tradition immediately follows. The annual Business Persons Plunge invites anybody to take a fully clothed plunge into the unlocked ocean. John Walton, event organizer, will lead more than 100 enthusiasts across the beach and into the ocean. Mascots, including Fin of the Flanders, Fry Guy from Jilly’s, Martin Z. Mollusk from the Chamber of Commerce, Wonder Bear from Gillian’s Wonderland Pier, Mr. TD from TD Bank and Mr. Taffy from Shriver’s, will join local business owners in taking the plunge.The Cumberland Regional High School Chorus, directed by Ed Sayre, will serenade plungers and spectators before and after the ceremony.Memorial Day Weekend events will include the following: SATURDAY, MAY 23Kids climb makeshift sand mounds as part of the fun run in the Memorial Beach Challenge.Memorial Beach Challenge: Watch or participate in three simultaneous events: a beach obstacle race, a stand-up paddleboard race in a box course through the surf and a kids fun run. The event raises money for the families of fallen Navy SEALS and other charities. It’s visible from the beach and boardwalk near the Ocean City Music Pier starting at 8 a.m. Read more about the event.Patriotic Pops: Pianist-performer Linda Gentille will star in a patriotic program with the Jersey Shore Pops Orchestra at 7 p.m. in the Music Pier Auditorium, Boardwalk and Moorlyn Terrace. Special guests are the Victory Belles. Tickets are $25-$40. Call 1-800-838-3006 or visit www.JerseyShorePops.org. WEATHERThe National Weather Service forecast (as of Wednesday) calls for sun and a high of 73 degrees on Friday, sun and high of 67 on Saturday, sun and a high of 72 on Sunday, and clouds and a high of 73 on Monday. The ocean water temperature is 58 degrees. Follow links to our Daily Beach Report on OceanCityVacation.com for real-time reports on water temps, waves, wind and other beach conditions each morning this summer, starting Saturday.
See further information: Investigation into the events following the stranding of trains in freezing weather, near Lewisham, 2 March 2018.,Following a preliminary examination of the circumstances surrounding the events near Lewisham on Friday 2 March 2018, the Rail Accident Investigation Branch (RAIB) has decided to launch a full investigation. Further details of the investigation and its scope will be published on the RAIB’s website within the next fortnight.
This weekend marks the annual celebration of UK SMEs with government Ministers out across the country to mark Small Business Saturday. DIT’s Ministers will visit companies across the country, emphasising that exporting can increase the profitability and sustainability of businesses, as well as having a positive impact on their local economy.Gnaw Chocolate is just one of the British companies that is finding international success. Founded in Norfolk in 2011, the business now exports to over 20 countries worldwide. In the first six months of 2018 alone, Gnaw launched its products in the US, China, France, Morocco, South Africa, Germany and are soon to launch its Single origin Brooke & Amble range in Russia. Future target markets for growth include Australia and expansion of its markets across the Middle East.Matt Legon, Gnaw Chocolate’s Founder, said: In August, the government launched a new Export Strategy which sets out how DIT will support businesses of all sizes to make the most of the opportunities presented by markets around the world.A collaboration with business, developed after extensive engagement with a range of UK firms – the Strategy sets a new ambition from government to increase exports as a proportion of UK GDP to 35%.It presents a streamlined and targeted offer for businesses of all sizes, set to raise productivity, boost wages and protect employment across the UK.Further Information: Figures released today (28 November) by HMRC also show that nearly 36,000 British businesses are exporting goods to the US, with another 15,000 sending their goods to Australia. The news follows the conclusion of the Department for International Trade’s consultations on potential Free Trade Agreements with both countries.International Trade Secretary, Dr Liam Fox MP, said: Published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), the Annual Business Survey shows further good news for the UK economy. Figures demonstrate an increase in the number of companies of all sizes selling their products to overseas buyers.Figures released earlier this month show that total exports from the UK reached £637bn in September, an increase of 4.4% on the previous year. This demonstrates that demand for British goods and services continues to grow from around the world.Key highlights from the report show: There are opportunities all over the world for ambitious businesses. If you are looking to build your business at a faster rate, then it is worth seriously considering the benefits exporting can bring. Exporting has provided the cornerstone of what we have been able to achieve here at Gnaw. Today’s news is further evidence that the high-quality goods and services produced by British businesses are selling all over the world. As an international economic department, when my Ministerial team and I travel abroad, we see first hand the unprecedented demand for British products, and the results of the Annual Business Survey show that we are responding to the demand. Our Export Strategy sets out an offer to every business that has the ambition to start exporting or increase their existing operation, as we look to move exports as a percentage of GDP from 30% to 35%. The number of SME companies exporting abroad increased by 6.6% to 232,000 (9.8% of all SMEs), whilst the number of large businesses who export increased by 6.1% to 3,500 (41.7% of all large businesses) New businesses are making the most of export opportunities, with the number of companies which are less than 2 years old and exported last year increasing by 19.9% to 47,000 Established businesses are also making the most of support that is on offer for exporters, as the number of businesses over 10 years old who export also increased by 10.2% to 115,300 In 2017, the number of registered businesses in Great Britain trading internationally was estimated at 340,500, which represented 14.3% of the total number of businesses in the Great Britain non-financial economy; an increase from 13.7% according to latest 2016 estimates. Read the full Annual Business Survey. Read the HMRC UK trade in goods by business characteristics statistics data.
In the tomb of Egyptian King Tutankhamen, the elaborately painted walls are covered with dark brown spots that mar the face of the goddess Hathor, the silvery-coated baboons — in fact, almost every surface.Despite almost a century of scientific investigation, the precise identity of these spots remains a mystery, but Harvard microbiologist Ralph Mitchell thinks they have a tale to tell.Nobody knows why Tutankhamen, the famed “boy king” of the 18th Egyptian dynasty, died in his late teens. Various investigations have attributed his early demise to a head injury, an infected broken leg, malaria, sickle cell anemia, or perhaps a combination of several misfortunes.Whatever the cause of King Tut’s death, Mitchell thinks those brown spots reveal something: that the young pharaoh was buried in an unusual hurry, before the walls of the tomb were even dry.Like many ancient sites, Tutankhamen’s tomb suffers from peeling paint and cracking walls. In the oppressive heat and humidity, throngs of tourists stream in and out of the cave, admiring it but also potentially threatening it.Concerned about the tomb’s preservation, the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities approached the Getty Conservation Institute for help. The Getty, in turn, had questions for Mitchell.What are the brown spots? Are visiting tourists making them worse? Most important, do they present a health hazard?In his investigation, Mitchell, the Gordon McKay Research Professor of Applied Biology at Harvard’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), combines classical microbiology with cutting-edge genomic techniques. His research team has been culturing living specimens swabbed from the walls of the tomb as well as conducting DNA sequence analyses.Meanwhile, chemists at the Getty have been analyzing the brown marks, which have seeped into the paint and the plaster, at the molecular level.So far, the chemists have identified melanins, which are characteristic byproducts of fungal (and sometimes bacterial) metabolism, but no living organisms have yet been matched to the spots.“Our results indicate that the microbes that caused the spots are dead,” said Archana Vasanthakumar, a postdoctoral fellow in Mitchell’s lab. “Or, to put it in a more conservative way, ‘not active.’”Further, analysis of photographs taken when the tomb was first opened in 1922 shows that the brown spots have not changed in the past 89 years.While the identity of the ancient organism remains a mystery, all of this is good news for tourists and Egyptologists alike, because the evidence suggests that not only are the microbes not growing — they’re actually part of the history, offering new clues to the circumstances of the king’s death.“King Tutankhamen died young, and we think that the tomb was prepared in a hurry,” said Mitchell. “We’re guessing that the painted wall was not dry when the tomb was sealed.”That moisture, along with the food, the mummy, and the incense in the tomb, would have provided a bountiful environment for microbial growth, he said, until the tomb eventually dried out.Exotic as the project may sound, investigations like this are typical of Mitchell’s research in applied microbiology.In past years, his lab has studied the role of bacteria in the deterioration of the USS Arizona at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and the microorganisms living within limestone at Maya archaeological sites in southern Mexico. Nick Konkol, a former postdoctoral research associate, and Alice Dearaujo, a current research assistant, have developed rapid new ways to detect mold growing within the paper of historical manuscripts, paintings, and museum artifacts.The field is referred to as “cultural heritage microbiology,” and Mitchell literally wrote the textbook on it.For microbiologists with broad interests, cultural heritage provides an endless supply of surprising, new applications, crossing disciplines and cultures and providing important insights into modern environmental problems.“This type of research is typical of the interactive activity of SEAS, where modern scientific and engineering techniques are integrated to solve complex problems,” Mitchell said.Just a few years ago, he was called down to the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum to investigate the collection of Apollo space suits. In the heat and humidity of the museum’s Maryland storage facility, black mold was chewing through the many-layered polymers, damaging the priceless suits.The relatively simple solution in that case was the installation of a climate control system. Unfortunately, however, there is a difference between prevention and treatment. Once a historical artifact has begun to deteriorate, the damage is usually irreversible.Mitchell points to the example of the cathedral in Cologne, Germany. Built over the course of 632 years and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site, the walls of the magnificent cathedral feature angels and historical figures carved out of stone.In just the past 100 years, the angels’ faces have been eaten away by air pollution.“I always use the analogy of cancer,” Mitchell said. “You want to get to it early enough that it isn’t doing major destruction.”But what to do about the Egyptian tomb’s 3,000-year-old microbial problem?The damage is already done, so Mitchell predicts that the conservators will leave the spots alone, particularly since they are unique to that site.“This is part of the whole mystique of the tomb,” he said.“This type of research is typical of the interactive activity of SEAS, where modern scientific and engineering techniques are integrated to solve complex problems,” said Ralph Mitchell, the Gordon McKay Research Professor of Applied Biology at Harvard’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. Photo by Eliza Grinnell/SEAS
CHICAGO — In an address to nearly 400 attendees in Chicago last week, Harvard President Drew Faust noted the deep ties between Cambridge and the Second City.It is Chicago and not Boston, Faust explained, that lays claim to the longest continuously operating Harvard alumni club. Founded in 1857, the club currently boasts nearly 1,200 members and served as co-sponsor of the evening’s festivities, the latest in the Your Harvard series.The series is part of the ongoing Harvard Campaign and has now traveled to eight cities across the United States and around the world. Thousands of alumni, family, and friends have convened to hear Faust’s vision for the future of the University, as well as to learn from leading faculty whose cross-disciplinary research and innovations hold the potential to solve challenging questions and yield fresh discoveries.Harvard Alumni Association President Cynthia A. Torres ’80, M.B.A. ’84, welcomed nearly 400 attendees to the Your Harvard event in Chicago. Photo by Dana RogersThe Greater Chicago area is home to roughly 10,000 alumni, including one whose temporary residence is 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. in Washington, D.C.Paul Finnegan ’75, M.B.A. ’82, a Chicago resident, the University’s treasurer, a member of the Harvard Corporation, and co-chair of The Harvard Campaign, added moderator to his long list of volunteer activities. Finnegan led a timely conversation on economic mobility and the roots of access and opportunity with professors Raj Chetty ’00, Ph.D. ’03, and Bridget Terry Long, Ph.D. ’00.Chetty, the William Henry Bloomberg Professor of Economics, co-authored a recent study that addressed this concept with fellow economics professor Nathaniel Hendren. Responding to Finnegan’s question on the vitality of the American dream, Chetty cautioned, “It depends. And it depends in particular on where you’re growing up.”Citing a local example, he explained that the disparity of opportunity between Chicago’s Cook County and its bordering county, DuPage, reveals one of nation’s most stark variations. Children growing up in low-income families in DuPage County earn 15 percent more than the national average — the highest rate in the country. Conversely, growing up in a low-income family in Cook County will result in earning 13 percent less over a career — the fifth-worst in the country.Chetty stressed that the intent of the research is to identify those areas of the country that are succeeding in providing upward mobility and learn what factors play into that success. The data suggests that less segregation by income and race, lower levels of income inequality, better public schools, lower rates of violent crime, more two-parent households, and what Professor Robert Putnam describes more broadly as social capital all play significant roles in creating a more prosperous future for area youth.Paul Choi ’86, J.D. ’89, introduced the faculty conversation on economic mobility and the roots of access and opportunity, which was led by Paul Finnegan ’75, M.B.A. ’82, a Chicago resident and the University’s treasurer. Photo by Dana RogersLong noted that there are a variety of initiatives across the University working hard to address this array of challenges. One, the new Teacher Fellows Program at the Graduate School of Education (HGSE), will provide robust training for undergraduates at Harvard College to become teachers through course work, hands-on experience, and mentorship. Her own research collaborations have incorporated faculty from the Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS), and many others.Long, herself an Illinois native, is academic dean and Saris Professor of Education and Economics at HGSE. Of the factors Chetty’s research identified as bolstering access and opportunity, social capital is one that Long’s recent research seeks to address.In looking at the continuum of education, she discovered that one of the major “leaks” — or hurdles to continuing one’s education — was the federal financial aid application (FAFSA).“Educational decisions are incredibly complex,” Long explained. In simplifying the FAFSA application process by reducing the time it took to complete this ubiquitous form, she saw significant returns. “Eight minutes [resulted in] increasing college enrollment among a very-low-income population by 35 percent.“We’ve told generations: ‘Go to college, and there’s a great return,’” Long continued. “It’s not just going to college, but where you go to college [that] matters.” Campus resources, financial aid, and other factors play a large part in postgraduate success.Through the Harvard Campaign, the University has sought to increase accessibility, even beyond the nearly $400 million spent on financial aid this past year.“Johnston Gate, the structure that perhaps most symbolizes entry to our community, was made possible by a very generous gift from a Chicagoan,” Faust said. “And last year, thanks to an extraordinary gift from another Chicagoan, Ken Griffin AB ’89, we are able to open those gates, literally and figuratively, to more students — some 800 undergraduates each year — regardless of their financial circumstances.”In 2013, the Harvard Club of Chicago began raising funds for the renewal of Johnston Gate, in tribute to the long-lasting ties with the city and as a welcoming site to the generations of students who will benefit from ongoing support.